Orthodox jewish dating halacha

A shortage of testosterone can lead to delayed or incomplete puberty, breast enlargement (gynecomastia), reduced facial and body hair, and an inability to have biological children (infertility).

Some affected individuals also have genital differences including undescended testes (cryptorchidism), the opening of the urethra on the underside of the penis (hypospadias), or an unusually small penis (micropenis).[12] (Klinefelter’s Syndrome is only one example of many similar disorders; more are being uncovered regularly.) Taking the hermaphrodite as an illustrative example of intersex, the Talmud records a debate about whether the hermaphrodite should be considered a male (m. From the fact that these two options are considered, but not the option of female, we can deduce that, for the rabbis, the existence of a penis was a defining factor, but this is only partially acurate since, as noted above, the rabbis did not consider removal of a penis by castration, in cases of a non-intersex male, to be definitive of changing the person’s sex.

For many of us, this reality is perfectly comfortable and intuitive.

In this essay, I will outline some of these challenges and suggest ways of ameliorating or solving the problems.

The cases in which morphology and phenotype conflict are where complications about definition arise.

–Part Two– OTHER HALAKHIC ISSUES How should halakha view a person who is phenotypically one sex but morphologically the other?

This is a very common reality for transgender individuals who undergo hormone treatment (taking estrogen and testosterone blockers) without surgery–though even that process may chemically castrate the phenotypic male.

This liminal situation interacts with halakhic categories in such a way as to make a number of or separate seating. Although the rabbinic literature does not discuss people who are phenotypically one way and morphologically the other way, it does discuss some types of intersex people, like hermaphrodites (אנדרוגינוס) or people with ambiguous genitalia (טומטום), as well as men who have been castrated or whose penises have been cut off/destroyed.

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